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In 1967, the spacecraft Surveyor 3 was successfully launched from Cape Kennedy, Florida. It was the second US spacecraft to make a soft landing on the moon, where it studied the lunar surface and sent more than 6,300 pictures back to Earth. A total of seven Surveyors were sent to the moon, which were to support the coming crewed Apollo landings by validating soft-landing technology and determining the lunar surface conditions. Surveyor 3 carried a survey television camera, soil mechanics experiments, and devices to measure temperature and radar reflectivity as on the earlier missions. Its mass was1,026 kg at launch and 296 kg upon landing.